If videotaping or photographs are used, the research will be reviewed at the Expedited level or by the full-board (depending on other risk factors). Researchers using videotapes or photographs need to include information in their protocols about how long and where the tapes will be stored to maintain confidentiality.
Audiotapes may present the same risks unless care is taken to protect anonymity. If audiotapes are made to facilitate accurate record-keeping and will be erased following transcription, this should be stated in the consent form, and it should be stated how confidentiality will be protected. If the audiotapes are to be used for other purposes, they no longer fit into the Exempt category. Video and audiotapes can only be used for the purpose for which they were recorded without breach of confidentiality. Other uses require informed consent, signed by the participants.