This triad will provide students with the skills and tools necessary to be an effective, innovative instructional leader in the field of instructional technology. TE 878 emphasizes staff/faculty development, planning, using data-driven decision making, and funding in instructional technology. Based on individual needs, students choose between TE 880 (an in-depth study of the administration and leadership of technology in P-16 educational settings) and TE 875 (focuses on the administration of the school library program's mission, budgeting, supervision of personnel, planning, resource needs, communication within the school and public communities). TE 866 focuses on research-based principles for motivating PK-12 students with the aim of fostering in them a disposition of lifelong learning. The course emphasis is on the practical application of strategies customized to the graduate student’s own field of educational interest.